A major in nursing is one of the most sought-after degrees in the world. Statistics show that there is a high demand for nurses on a global scale. So, if you do a degree in nursing, you will definitely get a lot of job opportunities. But what are some of the majors you can specialize in? Well, this article offers an overview of this job.
What Is Nursing?
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) is a four-year degree program that involves teaching students the necessary skills and knowledge to care for the injured and the sick. A nursing program mainly involves four main components i.e. health restoration, health promotion, disease prevention, and risk reduction.
What Does It Mean to Study Nursing?
If you are interested to study nursing, then you need to provide and monitor the patient’s health. You need to be meticulous, compassionate, and responsible. A registered nurse should be able to diligently take control of stressful situations. Besides that, they should always seek help when required.
The unifying ethos in this profession includes critical thinking and properly assessing the patient’s condition. A nurse should also have the emotional stability to handle emergency situations. Furthermore, they should engage with injuries, illness, physical suffering, and emotional pain.
What is the Nursing Process?
Regardless of your field or major, the nursing process is all the same. This is a scientific method that is designed to ensure that a registered nurse can provide the best health care to the patient. There are five steps involved in this process and they include:
This is a systematic and dynamic way which the nurse uses to collect and analyze data about the patients. Nurses normally assess patients by doing in-depth physiological, social, economic, and lifestyle factors.
This is a clinical judgment of the patient’s response to health conditions and needs. It involves careful consideration of the patient’s behavior and physical health symptoms. Use these, the nurse should be able to form a proper diagnosis.
3. Outcomes or Planning
Outcomes or planning is usually conducted based on diagnosis and assessment. The nurse should set achievable short- and long-term goals for the patient. Note that all the details that involve planning or outcomes should be recorded in the patient’s care plan. This is means that other healthcare professionals can also access it.
It’s the process of implementing nursing care according to the care plan. This is important for the continuity of care for the patient during hospitalization and in preparation for discharge. The care is usually documented in the patient’s record.
It’s important for the nurse to evaluate the patient’s status. Besides that, they must also analyze the effectiveness of nursing techniques. This is important to ensure that the patient gets the best services possible.
What are the Types of Nursing Majors?
Nursing is absolutely one of the best university courses to study. There are various school programs for this course which vary in intensity and length of training. If you want to study in nursing, some of the majors and degree programs offered include:
Certificate and Diploma Programs
This includes certifications such as Certified Nursing Assistant and Licensed Practical Nurse. Besides that, you can do the Licensed Vocational Nurse. Note that these programs are vital for entry-level vocational nursing jobs. The core courses normally include:
- Medical Terminology
- Pediatric Nursing
- Basics of Healthcare Systems
- Introduction to Geriatric Nursing
- Fundamentals of Nursing Arts
- Performing basic nursing functions like wound dressing and changing bandages.
- Checking vital signs of health progress.
- Ensuring patients are okay and comfortable.
- Administer medications (in some instances).
Associate Degrees in Nursing
If you want to become a Registered Nurse, earning an associate degree is important. The program normally takes two years. You can do the associated degrees in nursing online or on campus. However, you need to do the practicals in person. Courses in this level may include:
- Surgical Nursing
- Introduction to Pharmacology
- Advanced Maternal/Infant Nursing
- Complex Patient Management
- Mental Health Nursing
- Coordinating care with other healthcare professionals.
- Providing health promotion, education, and counseling.
- Administering medications as well as other personalized interventions.
- Performing physical exams and health assessment.
Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing
This provides a convenient way of registered nurses to increase their potential. A degree at a graduate level focuses on things such as Nursing Ethics and Healthcare Law. They must also possess skills such as critical thinking.
Master’s Degree in Nursing
This is a graduate-level program which focuses on one area of specialization. A master’s degree in Nursing can earn you positions such as nurse midwife, nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, and nurse anesthetist among others. Some of the courses that you may study include:
- Public healthcare policy
- Advanced nursing concepts and theory
- Finance in healthcare
Future of Study in Nursing
The US’s healthcare system main aim is to make health care affordable and accessible to everyone. This is supported by the increasing number of patients in this system. Previously, the nursing profession suffered numerous challenges. This includes poor quality of services and low numbers of professionals. However, the employment of registered nurses is projected to grow by almost 15% between 2016 and 2026. This is faster than the average of most occupations.so, this means that more and more future should enroll to a study in nursing.
The Bottom Line
If you are committed, Nursing can be a fulfilling profession. You get to work with people from different backgrounds. Additionally, the pay is also handsome. However, you need to have strong emotional stability. This is because you will be handling critical and emergency situations from time-to-time.